Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) disorders can cause significant pain and discomfort, affecting a person’s ability to speak, eat, and even sleep. While non-surgical treatments such as medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes are often the first line of defense, oral surgery can play a vital role in managing and treating severe cases of TMJ disorders. In today’s blog, we will explore the various oral surgical options available for TMJ disorders and discuss their significance in providing relief and restoring normal function.
Arthrocentesis is a minimally invasive oral surgical procedure commonly used in the treatment of TMJ disorders. This treatment works by inserting small needles into the joint space to irrigate and flush out inflammatory byproducts and debris, alleviating pain and reducing swelling. It can be performed in an outpatient setting while providing immediate relief to patients with acute TMJ pain.
Arthroscopy is another oral surgical technique that allows for direct visualization and treatment of the TMJ. During this procedure, a small incision is made, and a thin, flexible instrument with a camera (arthroscope) is inserted into the joint. This provides the oral surgeon with a clear view of the joint’s internal structures, allowing them to identify and treat the specific problem, such as removing adhesions, repairing damaged tissues, or realigning the joint.
Joint Replacement Surgery
In severe cases of TMJ disorders where conservative treatments have failed, joint replacement surgery may be considered. This procedure involves removing the damaged joint components and replacing them with artificial implants. Joint replacement surgery aims to restore proper joint function, reduce pain and improve the patient’s overall quality of life. While it is a more invasive option, it can be a viable solution for individuals with advanced degenerative joint disease or significant joint damage.
Orthognathic surgery, also known as corrective jaw surgery, can be an effective treatment for TMJ disorders caused by skeletal abnormalities or malocclusion (misaligned bite). This procedure involves repositioning the jaws to improve their alignment and correct any underlying structural issues that may contribute to TMJ dysfunction. By realigning the jaws, orthognathic surgery can alleviate TMJ pain, improve jaw function, and enhance facial aesthetics.
Condylotomy is a surgical procedure that focuses on the specific problem of a dislocated or displaced disc within the TMJ. It involves making a small incision near the ear, accessing the joint and repositioning or repairing the displaced disc. This procedure helps restore normal joint function, reduce pain and prevent further damage to the joint structures.
We Can Help
As you can see, oral surgery plays a significant role in the treatment of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, particularly in cases where non-surgical approaches have been ineffective. These surgical interventions aim to alleviate pain, restore normal joint function, and improve the overall quality of life for those who are suffering from TMJ disorders.
If you are experiencing chronic TMJ pain or limited jaw function, we encourage you to consult with our oral surgeon to explore the appropriate surgical options available to you. Remember, every patient is unique, and the choice of surgical treatment should be based on a comprehensive evaluation by a qualified professional. Call today and be on the road to relief!